A 4-volume encyclopedia with 189 interpretive essays organized thematically. One can readily find specific topics through the cross-referencing and indexing, and find further resources through the bibliographies in each article.
Contains 600 articles covering political, religious, economic, social, and intellectual topics from the predynastic era to the period of Roman rule. Good cross-references, index, and bibliographies. Available in print and online.
A 5-volume encyclopedia prepared under the auspices of the American Schools of Oriental Research, edited by Eric M. Meyers. The geographic coverage is from pre-history through the Crusades, covering the eastern Mediterranean to Iran, the Anatolian peninsula to the Arabian peninsula, and Egypt, Cyprus, and parts of North and East Africa.