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Explore Hekman! Seminary Student Guide

Librarian-crafted guide to services and resources in Hekman library for Calvin Seminary students

Citation at Hekman

Calvin Theological Seminary papers and theses are academic scholarly works that need to include proper citation of sources. CTS papers are normally written using the Turabian citation style (which is basically the same as the Chicago style, but modified slightly for students) in Kate L. Turabian’s Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 8th ed.(Chicago, 2013). It presents two basic documentation systems:

  • Notes-bibliography style (or simply bibliography style)
  • Parenthetical citations–reference list style (or reference list style)

Papers written for biblical studies courses should follow the SBL Handbook of Style for Biblical Studies and Related Disciplines (this generally follows Turabian/Chicago, with some significant differences). You can use the links below for a quick guide to the SBL format, or find the full handbook in the library.

Citation can get pretty complicated, but we have a few resources you can use for help. The links below include some quick guides and overviews for citation, as well as citation generators. For more instruction on citation, check out the library's Citation 101 guide.

Quick Links for Citation Tools

You can ask a librarian or visit the Rhetoric Center to walk through citations with personal help!