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History

Librarian-curated research guide for History resources.

What Are Primary Sources?

Primary sources were either created during the time period being studied or were created at a later date by a participant in the events being studied (as in the case of memoirs).  They reflect the individual viewpoint of a participant or observer.  Primary sources enable the researcher to get as close as possible to what actually happened during an historical event or time period; some types of primary sources might be historical magazines or newspapers, diaries or journals, old photographs, interviews, letters, and more. A secondary source is a work that interprets or analyzes an historical event or phenomenon.  It is generally at least one step removed from the event and is often based on primary sources.  Examples include:  scholarly or popular books and articles, reference books, and textbooks.

Video Tutorials

Special Collection: Heritage Hall

Primary Source Collections

A research guide also exists for American History (https://library.calvin.edu/us-history)

Special Resource: Newspapers